The Eurodac system enables Member States to identify asylum applicants and persons who have been apprehended while unlawfully crossing an external frontier of the Community. By comparing fingerprints, Member States can determine whether an asylum applicant or a foreign national found illegally present within a Member State has previously claimed asylum in another Member State or whether an asylum applicant entered the Union territory unlawfully.
This Act sets up a European Police Office , known as Europol and established in The Hague, Netherlands. Europol has legal personality and its objective is to improve the effectiveness of, and cooperation between, the competent authorities in the Member States in preventing and combating international organised crime.
The use of information systems and networks and the entire information
technology environment have changed dramatically since 1992 when the OECD first put forward the Guidelines for the Security of Information Systems. These continuing changes offer significant advantages but also require a much greater emphasis on security by governments, businesses, other organisations and individual users who develop, own, provide, manage service and use information systems and networks (“participants”).
In Strasbourg next 12 December, the European Parliament will meet in order to vote the Draft Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the retention of data processed in connection with the provision of public electronic communication services “. This proposal states, in order to fight terrorism, the systematic, disproportioned and
obligatory retention of data from all kind of communications done by telephone or Internet within the territory of a Member State of the European Union.
The British government wishes to mark of its seal the presidency of the European Union: it intends to make compulsory the biometric recording information on the population of all the Member States (cf. Drafts Conclusions of the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States on common minimum security standards for Members States’ national identity cards)
The Prüm Convention allows for the exchange all DNA, fingerprint and vehicle data. It reinforces transborder cooperation in order to struggle against terrorism, criminality, irregular immigration.
The Directive 2006/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the retention of data generated or processed in connection with the provision of publicly available electronic communications services or of public communications networks amends Directive 2002/58/EC by making mandatory for the electronic communications services providers to extend data retention for an additional period from 6 months to 2 years starting from the communication date.
Agreement between the European Union and the United States of America on the processing and transfer of passenger name record (PNR) data by air carriers to the United States Department of Homeland Security
Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (Directive on privacy and electronic communications)
Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and the Council
of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data