The Khartoum Process, a further step in Euro-African dialogue
At the end of November, following on from the Rabat process (2006), a conference took place in Rome and brought together the ministers of the 28 EU Members States and of several African states (Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Soudan, Sudan and Tunisia), as well as representatives of the European Union and the African Union. At the end of the meeting, they adopted a declaration aiming at launching the “EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative”.
The goal is of this initiative is to give new impetus to a regional cooperation between countries of origin, transit and destination, particularly regarding the route between the Horn of Africa and the EU. This includes:
AEDH notes the continuity with which the EU, obsessed by the protection of its borders requests the assistance of third countries to this end! Indeed, the Khartoum Process is a further step in the policy of externalisation of the management of migratory flows: despite the declarations of intention on the respect of the fundamental rights of migrants, the aim is to arrange the material conditions to avoid that they come to Europe, especially by establishing asylum processing centres. It is also about facilitating the return of “undesirable” migrants.
Our association is particularly shocked by the fact that this cooperation includes countries whose reputation is well-established among the countries undermining freedoms, violating fundamental rights and perpetrating violence against populations. Some of them rank high among asylum seekers’ countries of origin and, as Filippo Miraglia said in Il Manifesto, the situation of these asylum-seekers is such that Member States often grant them international protection. Yet it would be necessary for them to be able to reach the EU!!!
Read the Declaration of the Ministerial Conference of the Khartoum Process (28 November 2014, Rome).
To learn more, read the opinion column written by Filippo Miraglia, vice-chairman of ARCI, an Italian member organisation of AEDH: Italian (column published in Il Manifiesto on 3 December 2014); French (translation published on the blog Dormira jamais).
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