Official documents concerning discriminations and minorities’ rights

Adoption of the Council Recommendation on effective Roma integration measures

On 9th December 2013, the Council of Europe adopted unanimously the Recommendation proposed by the Commission to improve the economic and social lives of Roma within the European Union (main areas: education, employment, healthcare and housing).

The European Court of Human Rights held that there had been no violation of the Convention with the dislocation of a Hungarian association which activities tented to the exclusion of Roma people - 9th July 2013

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) call for a total ban of coerced sterilisations and castrations - June, 26th 2013

On June 26th, the PACE adopted the resolution 1945 (2013) “Putting an end to coerced sterilisations and castrations”, as it considers that these acts constitute grave violations of human rights.

The European Commission published its second annual progress report on the implementation of national Roma integration strategies - June 26th 2013

The Council adopted the Guidelines to promote and protect the enjoyment of all human rights by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons - June, 24th 2013

Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights report on Estonia - June 20th 2013

Following a visit in March 2013, the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe Nils Muižnieks published on 20 June a report on the situation of human rights in Estonia.

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights published its annual report: “Fundamental rights: challenges and achievements in 2012” - June 18th 2013

The report addresses the situation of the Roma, who continue to face discrimination and social exclusion: the population often faces extreme poverty but also discrimination in various areas of their everyday life such as access to health care, decent housing, education and employment.

The Common European Asylum System adopted by the European Parliament establishes new rules on asylum to strengthen the rights of LGBT people - June 12th 2013

The directive “on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection” grants new rights to LGBT people through procedures specifically adapted to migrants because of their greater vulnerability related to their age, gender, sexual orientation or gender identity.

Case Lavida and others v. Greece: the European Court of Human Rights condemns Roma school segregation in Greece - May 28th 2013

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights presented its EU LGBT Survey - 17 May 2013

Following calls from the European Parliament, the European Commission asked in 2010 the FRA to collect comparable survey data on hate crime and discrimination against LGBT persons in all EU Member States.

The PACE adopts a resolution calling for an end of discrimination against Roma children - 23 April 2013

In a resolution “Ending discrimination against Roma children”, adopted on 23 April, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe urges its member States to expand access to integrated early childhood services; make school more accessible; end school segregation and promote inclusion; remove the socio-economic barriers to education and protect Roma children’s right to respect for their personal and physical integrity.

The European Parliament adopted a Resolution on transposition and application of Council Directive 2004/113/EC implementing the principle of equal treatment between men and women - 16 April 2013

Members of the European Parliament ask for more transparency on the transposition and the concrete application of Council Directive 2004/113/EC implementing the principle of equal treatment between men and women - 16 April 2013

Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights report on Greece - 16 April 2013

Following his visit in Greece from 28 January to 1 February 2013, Nils Muižnieks, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, published on 16 April a report in which he asks Greece to halt the increase of hate crimes and to fight impunity.

Annual activity report 2012 of the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights - 10 April 2013

In the Annual activity report, Nils Muižnieks declared that the situation in Europe is a concern for human rights. Minorities, in particular Roma, are increasingly the targets of discrimination, racism and intolerance. Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity is also part of this picture.

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights publishes a report titled “Inequalities and multiple discrimination in access to and quality of healthcare” - 11 March 2013

On 11 March, a new report titled “Inequalities and multiple discrimination in access to and quality of healthcare” by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) identifies the specific barriers and experiences of unequal treatment in accessing healthcare that people may face because of a combination of their personal characteristics (e.g. ethnic origin, gender, age and disability).

Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights report on Czech Republic - 21 February 2013

Following the visit of Nils Muižnieks, Commissioner for Human Rights, to the Czech Republic from 12 to 15 November 2012, the Council of Europe published a report on Human Rights issues in the Czech Republic.

The ECHR condemns Roma school segregation in Greece - 11 December 2012

The Chamber judgment of the Strasbourg Court on December 11th, 2012, in the case "Sampanis and others v. Greece" confirms its judgment of June, 5th, 2008.

The European Union Fundamental Rights Agency publishes two reports on Hate Crimes in the European Union - 27 November 2012

On November 27th, the European Union Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) published two reports on Hate Crimes in the European Union.

Third opinion of the Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities on Romania - 5 October 2012

On October 5th, 2012, the Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities published its third opinion on Romania.

Publication of documents by the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance - 25 September 2012

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published on September 25th, 2012, various documents related to discrimination in Europe.

Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights report on Finland - 25 September 2012

The Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights published on September 25th, 2012, its report on Finland, following his visit in this country from June 11th to 13th, 2012.

Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights report on the situation of Roma and migrants in Italy - 18 September 2012

The Council of EuropeCommissioner for Human Rights published on September 18th, 2012, a report on the situation of Roma and migrants in Italy.

Working paper of the European Union Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) on antisemitism in the member states - June 2012

The European Union Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) published in June a working paper on antisemitism in the European Union from 2001 to 2011.

Report of the European Commission: “Trans and intersex people: Discrimination on the grounds of sex, gender identity and gender expression” - June 2012

The European Commission published a report on the discriminations against transsexual and intersex people in the European Union, called “Trans and intersex people: Discrimination on the grounds of sex, gender identity and gender expression”.

Report of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly: "the situation of Roma in Europe: movement and migration" - 1 June 2012

The Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly published on June 1st, juin 2012 the provisional version of its report on "the situation of Roma in Europe: movement and migration"

FRA report on “The situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States. Survey results at a glance” - 23 May 2012

The European Union Fundamental Rights Agency published on May 23, 2012 a report called “The situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States. Survey results at a glance”.

Reports of the Council of Europe on the the application of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in Finland and Cyprus - 14 March 2012.

The Council of Europe Committee of Ministers has published the fourth report on the application of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in Finland and the third report of that type made in Cyprus.

Report of the Council of Europe Commissioner for human rights on Human rights of Roma and Travellers in Europe - 29 February 2012

On February 27th, the Council of Europe Commissioner for human rights, Thomas Hammarberg, presented his report on Human rights of Roma and Travellers in Europe.

Report of the Council of Europe on the protection of Roma’s rights - 28 November 2011

The Council of Europe published a report on the protection of Roma’s rights.

EESC adopts two opinions on Roma inclusion - 16 June 2011

At its 472nd plenary session, EESC adopted two texts related to Roma people.

FRA publishes the new report over multiple discriminations in Europe - 2 February 2011

The European Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) has released a report concerning everyday life multiple discriminations suffered by ethnic minorities or immigrants in EU.

Last and final comment in the Roma case, the Commission gives up - 19 October 2010

The European Commission decided to launch at the end of September, infringement proceedings against France for failure to transpose the directive on free movement of EU citizens in the EU, only if France did not propose measures for the effective transposition of the said Directive before October 15th, 2010.

The European Commission launches an infrigement action against France for violation of EU law - 14 September 2010

The European Commission finally reacted today, Tuesday, September 14th 2010, to Roma deportations occuring in France since August 2010.

The European Parliament votes a resolution on the situation of Roma in Europe - 9 September 2010

In its resolution of September, 9th 2010, the European Parliament calls on the immediate stop of Roma deportations for France, as well as for other EU member States.

FRA publishes a factsheet on the situation of Roma and Travellers in the EU - 9 september 2010

The Fundamental Rights Agency issued on September, 1st 2010, following a disastrous summer for Roma population, a factsheet on the situation of Roma and Travellers in the EU.

European Commissioners Reding, Malmström and Andor publish a note on the situation of Roma in Europe - 1st September 2010

European Commissioners Viviane Reding, responsible for justice, citizenship and fundamental rights; Cecilia Malmström, in charge of internal affairs; and Laszlo Andor, responsible for Employment and Social Affairs, issued on 1st September 2010, a joint communication on the situation of Roma in Europe.

The European Commission reacts to Romas’ deportations troughout Europe - 25 August 2010

The EU Commissioner for Justice, Fundamental rights and Citizenship, Madam Viviane Reding, called the EU Member States to "respect the commonly agreed EU rules on free movement [and] non-discrimination".

MEPs alarmed by the deplorable situation Roma still have to face - 25 March 2010

In the Resolution of March 2010, adopted after the second European Summit on Roma, held in Cordoba (Spain) on April, 8th and 9th 2010, MEPs expressed their concerns about extreme poverty and social exclusion which Roma face, while some of them have become, since the last EU enlargements, EU citizens.

FRA releases the Main Results Report of its EU-MIDIS survey - 9 December 2009

EU-MIDIS is the biggest and most comprehensive report to have been published by the Agency. It is the first ever EU-wide survey of over 23,000 individuals from ethnic minority and immigrant groups about their experiences of discrimination and crime victimisation in the EU.

New FRA report launched on Roma migration and freedom of movement - 10 November 2009

The Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Union (FRA) releases a new report on “the situation of Roma EU citizens moving and settling in other EU Member States”.

FRA presents a new report on the housing conditions of Roma and Travellers in the European Union - 20 October 2009

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) publishes a new report, which gives evidence that Roma and Travellers are strongly disadvantaged in private and social housing throughout the European Union.

The Council of Europe Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) released new reports on Czech Republic, Greece and Switzerland - 15 September 2009

The Council of Europe’s European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) released three new reports examining racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance in Czech Republic, Greece and Switzerland.

Council conclusions on the inclusion of the Roma - 8 June 2009

The Employment, Social policy, health and Consumer Affairs Council has adopted conclusions on inclusion of the Roma.

Publication of the Council of the Europe Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)’s annual report - 2 June 2009

The Council of Europe’s European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) released on June 2nd, its annual activity report for 2008.

FRA: New report examines discrimination against Muslims - 28 May 2009

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) today released a report on discrimination against Muslims in the EU.

The Council of Europe Commission against Racism and Intolerance publishes new reports on Belgium, Germany and Slovakia - 26 May 2009

The Council of Europe’s European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) released on May, 26th, three new reports examining racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance in Belgium, Germany and Slovakia.

FRA: European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS) -22 April 2009

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) releases results of the first ever EU-wide survey on immigrant and ethnic minority groups’ experiences of discrimination and racist crimes.

European Parliament: Adoption of the consultation report by Kathalijne Buitenweg (Greens/EFA, NL) on the “anti-discrimination” directive - 2 April 2009

On April, 2nd 2009, the European Parliament has adopted the consultation report by Kathalijne Buitenweg (Greens/EFA, NL) on the “anti-discrimination” directive put forward by the European Commission, by 360 votes in favour and 227 against.

MEPs worried about the social situation of Roma - 11 March 2009

MEPs, recognizing that past enlargements of the EU have brought many challenges, especially social integration of vulnerable groups, demand that the EU adopts a coordinated approach as to improve working conditions as well as life conditions of Roma, who is the largest ethnic minority in the EU.

The Council of Europe Commission against Racism and Intolerance publishes new reports on Bulgaria, Hungary and Norway - 24 February 2009

The Chair of the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), Ms Eva Smith Asmussen, has announced the 24th of February the release of the first three reports of ECRI’s fourth round of country monitoring work, examining racism and intolerance in Europe.

MEPs call Italian authorities to stop taking fingerprints of Roma - 10 July 2008

In its resolution of July 10th, 2008, European Parliament condemns the actions taken by Italian authorities to take fingerprints of Roma, including minors, who reside in Italy. This measure clearly constitutes an act of discrimination directly based on ethnicity.

A proposal for a directive as to address the deficiencies in the field of the fight against discriminations at the EU level - 2 July 2008

The European Commission presented in early July 2008 a proposal for a directive on the implementation of the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation sexual.

MEPs together for a European strategy towards Roma - 31 January 2008

The European Parliament adopted in early 2008, a resolution condemning racism and discrimination against Roma. MEPs also urge the Commission to establish and implement effective tools such as a European Framework Strategy and a Community Action Plan for Roma Inclusion.

The European Parliament adopts a resolution on the rise of extremism in Europe - 13 December 2007

Following the rise of various extremist political parties and the increase of racist and xenophobic acts, Parliament adopted on December 13th 2007, a resolution in which MEPs express their concern about the surge of extremism, xenophobia, and racism in Europe.

Council Directive 2004/113/EC implementing the principle of equal treatment between men and women in the access to and supply of goods and services - 13 December 2004

The Directive establishes the prohibition of discrimination based on sex in the access to and supply of goods and services.

Council Directive 2000/78/EC establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation - 27 November 2000

Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000, establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation, prohibits discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief, disability, age, or sexual orientation as regards employment and occupation with a view to putting into effect in the Member States the principle of equal treatment.

Council Directive 2000/43/EC implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin - 29 June 2000

Council Directive 2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin sets out a binding framework by prohibiting racial discrimination throughout the EU.

The Lund recommendations on the effective participation of national minorities in public life - September 1999

The purpose of the Lund Recommendations, like The Hague and Oslo Recommendations before them, is to encourage and facilitate the adoption by States of specific measures to alleviate tensions related to national minorities and thus to serve the ultimate conflict prevention goal of the High Commissioner on National Minorities (HCNM).

The Oslo Recommendations regarding the linguistic rights of national minorities - February 1998

The resultant Oslo Recommendations Regarding the Linguistic Rights of National Minorities attempt to clarify, in relatively straight-forward language, the content of minority language rights generally applicable in the situations in which the High Commissioner on National Minorities is involved. In addition, the standards have been interpreted in such a way as to ensure their coherence in application.

The Hague recommendations regarding the education rights of national minorities - October 1996

The resultant Recommendations Regarding the Education Rights of National Minorities attempt to clarify in relatively straight-forward language the content of minority education rights generally applicable in the situations in which the High Commissioner on National Minorities is involved.

Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities - 1 February 1995

The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, drawn up within the Council of Europe by Ad Hoc Committee for the Protection of National Minorities (CAHMIN) under the authority of the Committee of Ministers, was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 10 November 1994 and opened for signature by the member States of the Council of Europe on 1 February 1995.

European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages - 5 November 1992

The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) is a European treaty adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) - 18 December 1979

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) on 18 December 1979. The objective of the Convention is to end discrimination against women in all areas of life.

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination - 21 December 1965

The Convention commits its members to the elimination of racial discrimination and the promotion of understanding among all races.

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